What is special education and what are related services?
According to the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), the term “special education” means specially designed instruction, at no cost to parents, to meet the unique needs of a child with a disability.
The IDEA defines the term “related services” to mean transportation, and such developmental, corrective, and other supportive services as may be required to assist a child with a disability to benefit from special education. Some other examples of related services are counseling services, interpreting services, physical and occupational therapy, and school health services.
In order to be eligible for special education and related services, students must be evaluated and found eligible for one or more of the following disabilities listed in the IDEA:
• Developmental Delay
• Emotional Disturbance
• Hearing Impairment
• Intellectual Disabilities
• Multiple Disabilities
• Orthopedic Impairment
• Other Health Impairment
• Specific Learning Disability
• Speech or Language Impairment
• Traumatic Brain Injury
• Visual Impairment